It is the heart of the city. It is the main shopping and banking point that stretches from the riverfront to the main avenue (Avenida da Liberdade), with streets named according to traders and craftsmen who traded in the area before.
The Rossio square, was completely rebuilt after the earthquake of 1755, with streets lined with neoclassical buildings evenly. This was the first example in Europe of a large neoclassical design and urban planning, and one of the finest architectural achievements of the time.
It remains an impressive quarter, with elegant squares, pedestrian streets, cafes and shops. Old trams, street performers, Art Deco, elaborately decorated pastry and hawkers selling everything from flowers to souvenirs, all lend a special charm to the area.
See all of this from a table at Nicola Coffee in Rossio Square in front of the monumental National Theatre and the Castle of St. George, or stroll through the pedestrian area of Rua Augusta, the triumphal arch and past the stately Praça de Comercio.
Strollers who find themselves in Baixa have a splendid view over the Tejo River, and those who want to travel by ferry across the River, can contemplate the beauty of Baixa and have a sense of a harmonious and balanced city.